Implementation of electronic voting and the matter of security

Magdalena Musiał-Karg

Streszczenie w języku polskim


Electronic voting (as well as computer-aided voting) is an interesting subject for many countries around the world. The idea to implement e-voting into elections and referenda is widely discussed not only by members of parliaments and governments throughout the world but also by regular voters, IT specialists, engineers or people who work in organisations/associations supporting application of ICT in government. This idea is strengthened by the fact, that e-voting is successfully applied in Estonia and Switzerland for several years. However, in some European states (e.g. in the Netherlands, Norway and Austria) the attempts to implement that form of participation in elections fell out to be unsuccessful. This article aims at providing an answer to the question about the matters of security during implementation of electronic voting systems, which are more and more popular as an additional form of voting during elections or referenda. The theoretical context of the considerations is based on the concepts of electronic democracy (as a new paradigm of democratic power in contemporary states) and voting supported by ICT (understood as the essential tool for e-democracy). Apart from theoretical considerations on the e-voting itself, this text includes references to the most important motives that accompany e-voting implementation and then it delivers arguments on various aspects of security within the e-voting system.

Słowa kluczowe


electronic voting; security; ICT

Pełny tekst:

PDF (English)

Bibliografia


A Comparative Assessment of Electronic Voting, http://www.elections.ca/content.aspx?section=res&dir=rec/tech/ivote/comp&document=description〈=e#fg1 (access 11.06.2015).

Al-Ameen, A., Talab, S. 2013. The Technical Feasibility and Security of E-Voting, “The International Arab Journal of Information Technology”, Vol. 10, No. 4, pp. 397–404.

Fairweather, B., Rogerson, S. 2002. Technical Options Report, De Montfort University, Leicester.

Gerlach, J., Gasser, U. 2009. Three Case Studies from Switzerland: E-Voting, “Berkman Center Research Publication”, no. 03.1.

Goldsmith, B., Ruthrauff, H. 2013. Implementing and Overseeing Electronic Voting and Counting Technologies, International Foundation for Electoral Systems and National Democratic Institute for International Affairs, Washington D.C.

Introducing Electronic Voting: Essential Considerations, [in:] “Policy Paper”, International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance, December 2011, pp. 8–9.

Krawczyk, P. 2007a. Brytyjski raport o e-votingu, IPsec.pl, http://ipsec.pl/brytyjski-raport-o-e-votingu. html (access 10.05.2015).

Krawczyk, P. 2007b. E-voting: omówienie raportu Zettera, IPsec.pl, http://ipsec.pl/e-voting%3A--om%C3%B3wienie-raportu zettera.html (access 10.05.2015).

Krawczyk, P. 2007c. Nowości w e-votingu. SecurityStandard.pl. Kravietz. The blog of Paweł Krawczyk about IT security, http://blog.securitystandard.pl/news/118832.html (access 13.08.2014).

Krimmer, R. 2010. E-Voting in Austria. Current Status in and around Austria, March 11, IECEG Conference, Belek, Turkey.

Mägi, T. 2007. Practical Security Analysis of E-voting Systems (Master Thesis), Tallin, http://www.cs.nccu. edu.tw/~raylin/MasterCourse/SelectedTopicsIS/Spring2009/master%20thesis%20e-voting%20security.pdf (access 14.06.2015).

May 2007 pilot scheme. The Electoral Commission, http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/elections/modernising_elections/May2007 (access 19.03.2014).

Moynihan, D. P. 2004. Building Secure Elections: E-Voting, Security, and Systems Theory, “Public Administration Review”, Vol. 64, No. 5, pp. 515–528.

Murdoch, S. J. 2007. Electoral Commission releases e-voting and e-counting reports, Light Blue Touchpaper, http://www.lightbluetouchpaper.org/2007/08/02/electoral-commission-releases-e-voting-and-e-counting-reports/ (access 15.03.2015).

Musiał-Karg, M. 2014. Electronic Voting. Selected issues concerning implementation of a new tool of civic democratic participation, [in:] EIIC 2014. The 3rd Electronic International Interdisciplinary Conference,Proceedings in Electronic International Interdisciplinary Conference, M. Mokryš, S. Badura, A. Lieskovsky, (eds.), EDIS – Publishing Institution of the University of Zilina, Slovakia.

Musiał-Karg, M. 2012. Elektroniczne referendum w Szwajcarii. Wybrane kierunki zmian helweckiej demokracji bezpośredniej, WNPiD UAM, Poznań.

Musiał-Karg, M. 2011a. Internetowe głosowanie w E-stonii na przykładzie wyborów w latach 2005–2009, “Przegląd Politologiczny”, no. 3, pp. 99–117.

Norris, P. 2011. Digital Divide. Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet Worldwide, Cambridge.

Nowina-Konopka, M., Elektroniczna urna, http://www.rpo.gov.pl/pliki/12066058070.pdf (access 15.06.2015).

Pieters, W. 2006. Acceptance of Voting Technology: between Confidence and Trust?, [in:] iTrust, K. Stølen et al. (eds.), Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Rajkowski, M. 2010. System głosowania elektronicznego, http://cygnus.tele.pw.edu.pl/~zkotulsk/seminarium/ System_glosowania.pdf (access 14.03.2015).

Rakowska, A., Rulka, M. 2011. Centralny elektroniczny rejestr wyborców podstawą reform prawa wyborczego, The Institute of Public Affairs, Warsaw.

Remmert, M. 2004. Towards European Standards on Electronic Voting, [in:] Proceedings of the 1st ESF TED Workshop on Electronic Voting, A. Prosser, R. Krimmer (eds.), GI LNI P-47, Bregenz.

Statement of the Internet Society Poland (ISOC) concerning e-voting in general elections, adopted by the ISOC Management Board on 10th January 2007 (resolution of the ISOC Poland Management Board no. 2/2007), Internet Society Poland, http://www.isoc.org.pl/200701/wybory (access 13.06.2015).

The Carter Center Handbook on Observing Electronic Voting. 2012. The Carter Center, Atlanta.

Weldemariam, K., Villafiorita, A., Mattioli, A. 2007. Assessing Procedural Risks and Threats in e-Voting: Challenges and an Approach, [in:] E-Voting and Identity. First International Conference VOTE-ID 2007, A. Alkassar and M. Volkamer (eds.), Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg.

Xenakis, A., Macintosh, A. 2004. Procedural Security of Electronic Voting, [in:] Proceedings of the 37th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.104.5608&rep=rep1&type=pdf (access 15.09.2015).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17951/k.2015.22.1.119
Data publikacji: 2016-04-18 13:29:46
Data złożenia artykułu: 2016-04-15 13:39:21

Odwołania zewnętrzne

  • Brak odwołań zewnętrznych


Prawa autorskie (c) 2016 Magdalena Musiał-Karg

Creative Commons License
Powyższa praca jest udostępniana na lcencji Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.